Directional Dialogue

When a scene involves several characters, and a character is directing his dialogue towards a particular character or group of characters within the scene, writers may use Parentheticals to cue the reader as to whom the speaker is speaking.

I like to call this Directional Dialogue.

Calling Out Individuals:

Often in a scene in which a military commander is barking out orders to his various officers, Directional Parentheticals can be useful to show to whom each order is directed.

Take this example:

Phone Conversations:

Another way to use Directional Dialogue is when a character is having a telephone conversation while other characters are in the same room. The character can switch between talking on the phone and talking to someone else within the scene.

It might look something like this: